29 Jul Macular Degeneration Symptoms
Macular Degeneration Symptoms: How to Detect and Manage Them
Macular degeneration is a condition that affects the macula, which is located in the center of your retina. This area is responsible for seeing fine details. As macular degeneration progresses, you may experience difficulty seeing things straight ahead, such as reading or recognizing faces. While there is no cure for this condition, treatments are available to help maintain your vision. Here’s what you need to know about macular degeneration. There are many Macular Degeneration Symptoms.
Types of macular degeneration
The most prevalent form of macular degeneration is dry macular degeneration. It occurs when the macula deteriorates gradually. Dry macular degeneration has no known cure.
When new blood vessels develop beneath the macula, it is known as wet macular degeneration. These new blood vessels are fragile and can break down or leak blood or fluid, damaging the macula. Wet macular degeneration might cause rapid vision loss.
What causes it?
Macular degeneration is a disease in which the macula, which is the part of your eye that allows you to see fine details, deteriorates. This process is usually gradual and can be affected by many factors, including:
Aging: As you age, your risk for macular degeneration increases.
Smoking: Tobacco use is a significant risk factor for macular degeneration.
Exposure to sunlight: ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun can damage your eyes and lead to macular degeneration.
Family history: You may be at increased risk if you have a family member with macular degeneration.
Certain medical conditions: Conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure can increase your risk for macular degeneration.
Blue light effect on eyes
The use of digital devices for long periods can cause eye strain. But there’s another potential problem with too much screen time: blue light exposure.
Exposure to blue light, a high-energy visible light, has been linked to serious eye problems, including macular degeneration. Blue light comes from the sun, digital devices, and fluorescent and LED lights.
Macular degeneration symptoms: the signs to look for
Macular degeneration symptoms can be hard to detect in the early stages. That’s because the damage to your vision occurs gradually. You may not notice any symptoms at first. As the condition progresses, you may start to experience:
Difficulty reading or recognizing faces
One of the first signs of macular degeneration is difficulty reading or seeing faces. So if you notice you’re having trouble reading the fine print, it’s a good idea to see your doctor.
What happens here is that the macula begins to deteriorate, which affects your central vision. This can make it difficult to read or see faces.
Blurry vision is another common symptom of macular degeneration. This happens because the macula is not functioning properly and cannot correctly focus light on the retina. This can cause objects to appear blurry or fuzzy.
If your optometrist or ophthalmologist finds that you have a significant loss of central vision, they may diagnose you with macular degeneration. A series of tests will be performed to confirm the diagnosis.
Dark or empty areas in your vision
As macular degeneration progresses, you may start to see dark or empty areas in your vision. This is because the macula is not receiving enough light. These dark patches can grow larger over time and eventually block your central vision completely.
Usually, macular degeneration affects both eyes, but it is often worse in one eye than the other.
You must see your doctor immediately if you notice any of these symptoms. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential for maintaining your vision.
A change in the color of your vision
Macular degeneration can also cause a change in the color of your vision. This happens because the macula is not able to process colors correctly. As a result, you may see colors that are different from what they are. For example, you may see blue instead of green or yellow instead of white.
In most cases, the vision changes are mild and don’t cause significant problems. However, in some cases, the changes can be more severe and make it difficult to perform everyday activities like reading or driving.
Macular degeneration treatment
Macular degeneration is a progressive condition, which means that it will continue to get worse over time. Unfortunately, there is no cure for macular degeneration. However, the treatments available can slow down the progression of the disease and help preserve your vision.
The most common treatment for macular degeneration is called photodynamic therapy (PDT). PDT uses a light-activated drug to destroy the abnormal blood vessels growing under the retina.
PDT is usually performed in a hospital or outpatient center. The light-activated drug is injected into your vein and activated with a special light. The light destroys the abnormal blood vessels without damaging the surrounding tissue.
PDT is most effective in the early stages of macular degeneration. It is not always successful in stopping the progression of the disease, but it can help preserve your vision.
In some cases, surgery may also be an option. However, surgery is typically only recommended if you have a very advanced case of macular degeneration and the injections are not working.
Another treatment for macular degeneration is called intravitreal injections. This treatment involves injecting medication directly into the eye. The medication helps to stop the growth of abnormal blood vessels.
Can eye supplements improve vision?
More and more medical studies suggest that eye supplements can improve vision. Hence, some people with macular degeneration may take supplements to slow down the progression of the disease.
The most common supplement that is taken for macular degeneration is called lutein. Lutein is a type of antioxidant found in green, leafy vegetables and is one of the best eye vitamins for blurry vision on the market today.
It is thought to help protect the macula from damage.
Other supplements sometimes taken for macular degeneration include vitamin C, E, and zinc.
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